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        1. 孝莊

          孝莊(1613~1688)

          孝莊的資料

            姓名:博爾濟吉特·布木布泰

            外文名:EmpressDowagerXiaozhuang

            別名:孝莊文皇后,昭圣(太)皇太后

            國籍:中國(清朝

            民族:蒙古族

            出生地:蒙古

            出生日期:1613年03月28日

            逝世日期:1688年01月27日

            職業:莊妃→皇太后→太皇太后

            墳墓:昭西陵

          最新人物

          其他X開頭的人物更多

          清朝其它的人物更多

          孝莊文皇后——一位歷經清初三朝的杰出女性

            孝莊文皇后一生歷經天命、天聰、崇德、順治康熙五朝,歷四帝,她的名字與清初許多重大的事件緊密地聯系在一起。歷史上的孝莊到底是什么人?孝莊皇后有沒有下嫁給多爾袞呢?為什么孝莊文死后未進皇陵?諸多疑惑引起了人們的好奇。

            明末清初的亂世,造就出一大批杰出人物。在博爾濟吉特家族中,就出一一個家喻戶曉的女中豪杰——她就是曾經輔佐三朝的孝莊文皇后。她不僅聰明美麗,還能忍辱負重,以政治家的才能、謀略幫助其夫皇太極,廣納人才;以后又幫助幼子福臨繼承大統;最終支持孫子玄燁大膽治國除奸,使清朝走向興旺盛世。

            據有關史料記載,孝莊生于明萬歷四十一年二月(1613年3月),卒于清康熙二十六年十二月(1687年1月),姓博爾濟特氏,名布木布泰。她出生于蒙古科爾沁部,乃貝勒寨桑之女。其十三歲時,嫁于后金四大貝勒之一的皇太極為妻。崇德元年(1636年)皇太極改號大清稱帝,封其為永福宮莊妃。后人根據其死后謚號稱之為孝莊。崇德三年,她生皇九子福臨,而后福臨嗣帝位,是為順治,孝莊被尊為皇太后。再后,其孫玄燁又嗣帝位,是為康熙,又被尊為太皇太后。由于她是皇太極的妃子,而皇太極的謚號是太宗文皇帝,又因其兒子和孫子均是皇帝,所以史稱“孝莊文皇后”,一般也稱之為孝莊。孝莊是中國歷史上有名的賢后,一生培養、輔佐順治、康熙兩代君主,也無愧是清初杰出的女政治家。

          孝莊相關的歷史人物

          孝莊簡介

          孝莊與多爾袞

          孝莊與康熙

          孝莊野史

          孝莊陵墓

          孝莊最新文章

          歷史人物首字母索引: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

          人物朝代、地區索引: 上古 夏朝 商朝 周朝 春秋戰國 秦朝 漢朝 三國 晉朝 南北朝 隋朝 唐朝 五代十國 宋朝 元朝 明朝 清朝 民國 世界 近代 現代 影視小說 美國 日本 五胡十六國 巴爾干 南美洲 北歐三國 俄國 英國 法國 德國 意大利 西班牙 奧匈帝國 土耳其 非洲 朝鮮

          熱門明星索引: 全部 內地 港臺 日韓 歐美 歌手 演員 體育 網紅

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