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        1. 圖拉真

          圖拉真(53年~117年)

          圖拉真的資料

          中文名:馬爾庫斯·烏爾皮烏斯·涅爾瓦·圖拉真努斯

          外文名:Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus

          別 名:圖拉真

          國 籍:羅馬帝國安敦尼王朝

          民 族:羅馬

          出生地:西班牙伊大利卡

          出生日期:53年9月18日

          逝世日期:117年8月9日

          職 業:皇帝

          主要成就:征服達西亞(達契亞)

                          將羅馬疆域擴張到歷史上最大范圍

          養 父:涅爾瓦

          父 親:Marcus Ulpius Trajanus 馬庫斯

          母 親:Marcia 瑪爾西婭

          配 偶:Pompeia Plotina 龐培

          繼任皇帝:哈德良

          最新人物

          其他T開頭的人物更多

          世界其它的人物更多

          圖拉真——古代羅馬帝國安敦尼王朝第二任皇帝

            圖拉真(Trajan,全名馬爾庫斯·烏爾皮烏斯·涅爾瓦·圖拉真努斯 Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus,53年9月18日-117年8月9日),古代羅馬帝國安敦尼王朝第二任皇帝,98年至117年在位。五賢帝中的第二位。

            圖拉真在位期間,對內鞏固了經濟和社會制度,對外發動戰爭,將羅馬帝國的疆域擴張到歷史上最大范圍。由于其功績卓著,獲得了羅馬元老院贈予的“最佳元首”稱號。

            人物簡介

            圖拉真(Trajan, Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus。53年9月18日-117年8月9日),羅馬帝國皇帝(98-117年),羅馬帝國五賢帝之一。

            圖拉真出生于西班牙貝提卡的伊大利卡,是第一位意大利以外出生的羅馬皇帝。他在位時立下顯赫的戰功,使羅馬帝國的版圖在他的統治下達到了極盛。他曾經建立圖拉真柱記載自己的功績。元老院曾贈給他“最佳領袖”(Optimus princeps)的稱號。

            早年經歷

            圖拉真出生于西班牙伊大利卡的一個軍功世家,隨父在軍中長大,逐漸成長為經驗豐富的將領。他的父親是遠西班牙的羅馬殖民者的后裔,母親是西班牙人。他的家庭富有并有名望,他的父親曾任西班牙、敘利亞等行省總督。

            89年圖拉真成為軍團指揮官,91年任執政官。因為在與日耳曼人作戰的功績,他被授予了“日耳曼尼庫斯”榮譽稱號。據說圖拉真的性格善良淳樸而又剛毅果決,而且膽大心細,簡直為一完人,不但深得軍方擁護,也很受羅馬民眾愛戴。96年,羅馬皇帝圖密善因為長期藐視元老院,與元老院嚴重不和,于一次政變中遇弒。

            隨后,老資格的元老涅爾瓦被推舉為皇帝。涅爾瓦盡管有元老院的鼎力支持,在軍隊中缺乏勢力和威信。為了取得軍隊的支持,他在繼位的第二年,作了一個明智的訣定,挑選戰功卓著的日耳曼總督,45歲的圖拉真作為自己的養子和繼承人。這一決定不僅平息了軍隊的不滿,還開創了羅馬帝國的一個新時期,使羅馬開始步入一個長達60年的太平盛世,羅馬帝國各方面都發展到頂峰。

            98年年初,涅爾瓦因病去世,正在科隆戍守的圖拉真奉召繼位。

          圖拉真相關的歷史人物

          圖拉真簡介

          圖拉真生平

          圖拉真最新文章

          歷史人物首字母索引: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

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          熱門明星索引: 全部 內地 港臺 日韓 歐美 歌手 演員 體育 網紅

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