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        1. 索布扎二世

          索布扎二世(1899~1982)

          索布扎二世的資料

          中文名:索布扎二世

          外文名:Sobhuza II

          國 籍:斯威士蘭王國

          出生地:斯威士蘭姆巴巴內

          出生日期:1899年7月22日

          逝世日期:1982年8月21日

          職 業:國王

          主要成就:斯威士蘭國王

          在位時間:82年(1899.12.10-1982.8.21)

          最新人物

          其他S開頭的人物更多

          世界其它的人物更多

          索布扎二世——世界上統治時間最長的君主之一

            索布扎二世(Sobhuza II,1899年7月22日—1982年8月21日),斯威士蘭獨立后第一任國王,共執政了61年之久。是世界上統治時間最長的君主之一。他有一百多個嬪妃和一千多個子孫。1982年8月索布扎二世逝世由大王后澤莉維攝政。1983年“王室委員會”立馬科塞蒂韋王子為王儲,由王儲之母恩通比王后攝政。1986年4月25日馬科塞蒂韋王儲登基,稱姆斯瓦蒂三世。

            簡介

            1901年,索布扎二世便被選定為王位繼承人。1903年斯威士蘭成為英國的保護地,1907年為英國南非的“高級專員領地”。索布扎二世1916年到1918年在南非開普省洛夫達爾學院學習后回國。1921年登基為恩格溫亞馬(Ngwenyama)(即國王)。

            1963年12月,英國政府批準斯威士蘭第一部憲法。1964年索布扎二世創建以部族為基礎的因博科德沃民族運動。1967年2月斯威士蘭頒布獨立憲法,4月由斯威士蘭最高酋長索布扎二世領導的因博科德沃民族運動在議會選舉中獲得全部24個議席,組成內部自治政府,索布扎二世成為斯威士蘭國王。1968年9月6日,斯威士蘭正式宣布獨立,為英聯邦成員國。

            1964年索布扎二世創建以部族為基礎的因博科德沃民族運動。該組織在1967年大選中獲勝,建立內部自治政府。1968年斯威士蘭獨立,索布扎二世任國王、國家元首。1975年起任博茨瓦納和斯威士蘭大學名譽校長。1978年政府宣布新憲法,進一步加強了國王的權力。1982年8月索布扎二世病逝。

            人物簡歷

            1899年生于姆巴巴內。其父是前國王恩格瓦尼五世。

            1901年,他便被選定為王位繼承人。

            1916年到1918年在南非開普省洛夫達爾學院學習。

            1921年登基為恩格溫亞馬(Ngwenyama)(即國王)。

            1922年率代表團赴英,要求歸還歐洲移民占去的土地,至1937年才從英國得到購買或重新分配歐洲人占有土地的特許權。嗣后,即發動“綠色革命”,發展農業生產。

            1964年創建以部族為基礎的因博科德沃民族運動。

            1967年該組織在大選中獲勝,建立內部自治政府。

            1968年斯威士蘭獨立,任國王、國家元首。

            1973年4月宣布廢除憲法,禁止政黨活動,接管全部行政、立法和司法大權,由首相和大臣組成一個委員會協助國王理政。

            1978年政府宣布新憲法,進一步加強了國王的權力。

            1982年8月病逝。1975年起任博茨瓦納和斯威士蘭大學名譽校長。

          索布扎二世相關的歷史人物

          索布扎二世簡介

          索布扎二世生平

          索布扎二世最新文章

          歷史人物首字母索引: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

          人物朝代、地區索引: 上古 夏朝 商朝 周朝 春秋戰國 秦朝 漢朝 三國 晉朝 南北朝 隋朝 唐朝 五代十國 宋朝 元朝 明朝 清朝 民國 世界 近代 現代 影視小說 美國 日本 五胡十六國 巴爾干 南美洲 北歐三國 俄國 英國 法國 德國 意大利 西班牙 奧匈帝國 土耳其 非洲 朝鮮

          熱門明星索引: 全部 內地 港臺 日韓 歐美 歌手 演員 體育 網紅

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