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        1. 薩迪

          薩迪(1208~1291)

          薩迪的資料

          中文名:薩迪

          外文名:Sa'di

          國 籍:伊朗

          民 族:波斯人

          出生地:伊朗設拉子

          出生日期:1208

          逝世日期:1291

          職 業:詩人

          信 仰:伊斯蘭教

          代表作品:《果園》、《薔薇園》等

          最新人物

          其他S開頭的人物更多

          世界其它的人物更多

          薩迪——波斯詩人

            薩迪(Sa'di,Moshlefoddin Mosaleh,1208~1291)全名為謝赫 ·穆斯利赫丁·阿卜杜拉·薩迪·設拉子,是中世紀波斯(今伊朗)詩人。薩迪作品保存下來的抒情詩約600多首,作品通過對花鳥、山水、美女、靜夜的描寫,寄托了詩人對大自然的熱愛和對美好人生的向往。他的詩結構嚴密,語言凝煉、流暢,韻律抑揚有致,是波斯文學史上的一枝奇葩。薩迪的成名作有《果園》和《薔薇園》。薩迪的作品風格幾百年來一直是波斯文學的典范。他被譽為“波斯古典文壇最偉大的人物”,其作品對后世影響很大,被譯成幾十種外國文字,受到讀者的盛贊。薩迪在波斯文學史上占有崇高地位,他是公認的支撐波斯文學大廈的四根柱石之一。

            生平

            1208年生于波斯西南部法爾斯(今伊朗一省)的設拉子城一下層傳教士家庭。早年在家鄉求學。14歲喪父,成為孤兒,飽嘗了生活艱辛。青年時代前往巴格達,進入當時著名的內扎米耶學府,刻苦鉆研文學和伊斯蘭教神學。同時開始用波斯文和阿拉伯文創作抒情詩。后因不堪忍受學校的束縛而輟學,并離開巴格達。當時正值蒙古人入侵,加上地方王朝之間混戰,以致社會動蕩不安。故薩迪的前半生幾乎是在顛沛流離中度過的。此間,他以伊斯蘭教達爾維什(游方者)的身份,沿途布道講學,足跡遍及敘利亞、埃及、摩洛哥、埃塞俄比亞、印度、阿富汗斯坦和中國新疆的喀什噶爾等地,當過苦工雜役,并多次去麥加天房朝覲。待返回故鄉時已兩鬢蒼白。近30年云游四方的經歷,使他廣泛接觸了社會各階層人物,親身體驗了窮苦大眾的悲慘生活,對他世界觀的形成和日后的文學創作產生了深刻影響。

            當時的設拉子因被地方統治者以重金購買,故未遭到蒙古軍的破壞,社會秩序比較安定。此后,薩迪隱居故里,潛心寫作。

          薩迪相關的歷史人物

          薩迪簡介

          薩迪作品成就

          薩迪最新文章

          歷史人物首字母索引: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

          人物朝代、地區索引: 上古 夏朝 商朝 周朝 春秋戰國 秦朝 漢朝 三國 晉朝 南北朝 隋朝 唐朝 五代十國 宋朝 元朝 明朝 清朝 民國 世界 近代 現代 影視小說 美國 日本 五胡十六國 巴爾干 南美洲 北歐三國 俄國 英國 法國 德國 意大利 西班牙 奧匈帝國 土耳其 非洲 朝鮮

          熱門明星索引: 全部 內地 港臺 日韓 歐美 歌手 演員 體育 網紅

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