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        1. 哈德良

          哈德良(76年~138年)

          哈德良的資料

          中文名:普布利烏斯·埃利烏斯·哈德良

          外文名:Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus

          國 籍:羅馬帝國

          民 族:羅馬

          出生地:西班牙伊達里卡

          出生日期:76年1月24日

          逝世日期:138年7月10日

          職 業:羅馬帝國皇帝,軍事家,政治家

          主要成就:開拓羅馬帝國北面疆界

                          修筑哈德良長城

          父 親:Publius Aelius Hadrianus

          母 親:Domitia Paulina

          配 偶:Vibia Sabina

          養 父:圖拉真

          養 子:安敦尼·庇護

          最新人物

          其他H開頭的人物更多

          世界其它的人物更多

          哈德良——羅馬帝國安敦尼王朝的第三位皇帝

            普布利烏斯·埃利烏斯·哈德良(Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus,76年1月24日—138年7月10日,綽號勇帝),羅馬帝國安敦尼王朝的第三位皇帝,五賢帝之一,117年-138年在位。在位期間,停止東方戰爭,與帕提亞國王締結和約,改革官僚制度和法律。又在不列顛島北部建造了橫貫東西的“哈德良長城”,以御防那些居住在現今蘇格蘭的“蠻族”的入侵。世人歷來對他評價較好,個人愛好也很豐富。他是一位博學多才的皇帝。

            早年經歷

            哈德良生于西班牙一個富裕的移民家庭,是他的前任圖拉真的表侄。從早年起,他就跟隨圖拉真轉戰各地,深得這位皇帝的賞識,被不時委以重任。哈德良身材強壯高大,留著厚密的卷發,眼神犀利。行軍打仗時,他不畏天氣和地形的變化,與士兵們吃同樣的飲食,喝廉價的酒水,深得士兵愛戴。

            91年表叔圖拉真擔任執政官,他開始成為羅馬元老院議員。97年底,羅馬皇帝涅爾瓦收圖拉真為養子并指定為帝位繼承人,他奉命前往盧西高向圖拉真傳達賀辭。從此躋身于帝國最高統治階層的行列。100年與圖拉真的侄孫女結婚。105年晉升為平民保民官,并且打破慣例,第二年又晉升為掌兵權的執政官。107年一度出任多瑙河畔行省下潘諾尼亞的總督。108年擔任執政官。112年出任雅典執政官。117年圖拉真西巡之前,命他統率在敘利亞集結的重兵。

            圖拉真在彌留之際,將哈德良收為養子。事實上,圖拉真從未正式指定繼任人,但據皇后普洛提娜所說,他在臨咽氣之前將帝位傳給哈德良。由于皇后對哈德良懷有好感,哈德良的繼任很大可能出于她的安排。圖拉真死后不久,哈德良便被敘利亞軍團推為元首,這一行動不久又得到了元老院的批準。

            晚年經歷

            收養繼承人

            當哈德良考慮繼承人問題時,他首先收養了貴族埃利烏斯·維魯斯并給予愷撒稱號。他因出色的美貌而得到皇帝的青睞,但哈德良靠一大筆捐贈才買得士兵們對艾利烏斯·維魯斯的認可。但他很快夭折了。

            哈德良晚年又發現了50歲的元老安東尼·庇護和17歲的青年馬可·奧勒留·安東尼。他宣稱安東尼·庇護將成為他的兒子和王位繼承人,條件是他也必須同時收養馬可·奧勒留作為兒子。

            去世

            138年7月10日,哈德良去世于他在貝阿的莊園,死因據信是心臟衰竭。哈德良享年62歲。

          哈德良相關的歷史人物

          哈德良簡介

          哈德良生平

          哈德良最新文章

          歷史人物首字母索引: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

          人物朝代、地區索引: 上古 夏朝 商朝 周朝 春秋戰國 秦朝 漢朝 三國 晉朝 南北朝 隋朝 唐朝 五代十國 宋朝 元朝 明朝 清朝 民國 世界 近代 現代 影視小說 美國 日本 五胡十六國 巴爾干 南美洲 北歐三國 俄國 英國 法國 德國 意大利 西班牙 奧匈帝國 土耳其 非洲 朝鮮

          熱門明星索引: 全部 內地 港臺 日韓 歐美 歌手 演員 體育 網紅

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