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        1. 巨鹿之戰影響如何 巨鹿之戰的歷史評價
          趣歷史 2016-10-25 17:30:36 范增 虞姬 項羽 劉邦

            巨鹿之戰項羽5萬兵力對秦軍四十萬兵力,破釜沉舟,義軍殲滅王離軍,章邯軍投降。此戰讓項羽確定了領導地位,秦王朝名存實亡

            巨鹿之戰影響如何

            與項羽北上救趙、俘虜王離、迫降章邯的同時,劉邦趁秦軍主力被牽制在河北,也乘虛自率一軍向西進發,首先進入關中。于秦二世三年(前207年)八月突破武關,十月進入咸陽,秦王子嬰出降,秦朝滅亡。

            巨鹿之戰的歷史評價

            巨鹿之戰是秦末農民戰爭所取得的一場巨大勝利。它基本上摧毀了秦軍的主力,扭轉了整個戰局,奠定了反秦斗爭勝利的基礎,經此一戰,秦朝已名存實亡。而項羽破釜沉舟,在各諸侯軍龜縮于壁壘中時帶頭以楚軍猛攻秦軍,帶動諸侯聯軍殲滅秦將主力,如此的戰果令無數后世人對其充滿了好奇與景仰。

            明朝學者茅坤認為巨鹿之戰是“項羽最得意之戰,太史公最得意之文。”

          3.jpg

            在一幅著名的對聯(作者待考,一說胡寄垣,一說金正希,一說蒲松齡),將項羽的破釜沉舟與勾踐的臥薪嘗膽并列,稱:“有志者、事竟成,破釜沉舟,百二秦關終屬楚;苦心人、天不負,臥薪嘗膽,三千越甲可吞吳。”說明篤志的重要性。

            清朝名臣李光地在《榕村語錄》評價說:“項羽精采,最是沉船破釜,能斷而行,所以成破秦之功。”

            清朝詩人鄭板橋有《巨鹿之戰》詩稱:“千奸萬黠藏兇戾,曹操朱溫皆稱帝。何似英雄駿馬與美人,烏江過者皆流涕。”

            清朝學者趙翼評價:“章邯攻趙,項羽破之,被坑者且二十萬,其多可知也。”

            民國學者蔡東藩認為巨鹿之戰是秦朝歷史上第一大決戰,是秦亡楚興的關鍵,評價說:“項羽之救巨鹿,為秦史上第一大戰,秦楚興亡之關鍵,實本于此。蓋章邯為秦之驍將,邯不敗,即秦不亡。且山東各國,無敢敵邯,獨羽以破釜沉舟之決心,與拔山扛鼎之大力,一往直前,九戰皆勝,虜王離,殺蘇角,焚涉間,卒使能征善戰之章邯,一蹶不振,何其勇也!然使秦無趙高之奸佞,二世之昏愚,則邯猶不至降楚,或尚能反攻為守,亦未可知。天意已嫉秦久矣,故特使趙高以亂其中,復生項羽以撓其外,章邯一去而秦無人,安得不亡!誰謂冥冥中無主宰乎?”

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