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        1. 揭​秘​百​團​大​戰​:中日​雙方到​底​投​入​了​多​少​的兵​力?
          趣歷史 2014-08-07 14:32:44

            百團大戰:百團大戰的研究,一直是黨史、軍史、抗日戰爭史研究領域里的熱點和重點問題之一。 70年前發生的“百團大戰”是中共黨史和中國抗日戰爭史上的一個重大事件。百團大戰的研究,一直是黨史、軍史、抗日戰爭史研究領域里的熱點和重點問題之一,近年來的研究新進展主要體現在以下方面。

            長期以來,關于百團大戰的參戰兵力,說法不一,有80團左右之說,有104團之說,有105團之說,還有115團之說。岳思平對百團大戰的參戰兵力進行了詳細考察,得出結論:晉察冀軍區共有36個團參戰,第120師兼晉西北軍區共有27個團參戰,第129師兼太行軍區共有42個團參戰,百團大戰參戰的總兵力為105個團、約27萬人。

            《人民日報》于2006年9月17日發表《百團大戰(上)》一文,指出:按八路軍總部原來規定,百團大戰參戰兵力不少于22個團。但戰役發起后,由于八路軍廣大指戰員和抗日根據地民眾痛恨日軍的“囚籠政策”,參加破擊戰的積極性非常高,因此各部投入了大量兵力,計晉察冀軍區39個團、第129師(含決死隊第1、第3縱隊等)46個團、第120師(含決死隊第2、第4縱隊等)20個團,共105個團20余萬人,還有許多地方游擊隊和民兵參加作戰。

            百團大戰與國民黨有何關系?這一問題引起了史學界的關注。

            王榮林認為,百團大戰期間,華北敵后的國民黨軍衛立煌部、閻錫山部、龐炳勛部等紛紛出擊,在一定程度上配合了八路軍百團大戰。盡管華北敵后國民黨軍隊的出擊與八路軍百團大戰相比,其規模、時間及戰績均不能相提并論,盡管蔣介石曾對國民黨軍隊的出擊,尤其是對第一戰區中央軍的積極出擊頗多責備之詞,并曾下令制止,但縱觀全局,其積極作用仍是不能否認的。首先,阻擊和牽制了華北南部之敵的北援,從戰略上配合了八路軍百團大戰。其次,在國共雙方剛結束華北磨擦這一特定時期,國民黨軍隊的出擊不僅顯示了中華民族同仇敵愾、共赴國難、合力御侮的優良傳統,也在一定程度上進一步緩和了華北敵后國共雙方的矛盾。再次,在一定程度上振奮、鼓舞了八路軍將士和全國人民。

            劉貴福撰文,以百團大戰、中條山戰役為例,深入地探討了抗戰中期的國共配合作戰問題。他指出,抗戰中期,以華北摩擦和皖南事變為標志,國共矛盾激化。但在此一階段,國共雙方軍隊在戰場上仍給予對方一定的配合。中共發動百團大戰有打破日本進攻西北計劃、影響全國戰局、擊敵和友、加強國共合作的戰略意圖。在百團大戰中,國民黨晉南部隊給予八路軍以一定的配合。

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