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        1. 商氏

          分布地區

          汝南郡:漢置汝南郡,治上蔡(今河南省中部上蔡縣西北及安徽省淮河以北地區)。東晉治懸瓠城,即今汝南。隋唐汝南郡即蔡州(曾名豫州)。 京兆郡:即國都直轄區。三國時魏置郡,治所在長安(今陜西西安),轄地約在今天的陜西秦嶺以北,西安以東、渭河以南的地方。 濮陽郡:濮陽郡大致在今河南滑縣、濮陽、范縣,山東鄆城、鄄城一帶。

          歷史來源

          商(Shāng)姓源出
          1.源于子姓,出自上古時期商王朝貴族后裔,屬于以國名為氏。2.出自成湯二十五世孫皋辛隱居于商城之東,遂以商為姓。3.相傳黃帝的重孫以地名(今陜西商縣)命姓。4.源于滿族,屬于漢化改姓為氏。5.源于姬姓,出自春秋時期秦國大夫商鞅之后,屬于以封邑名稱為氏。

          得姓始祖

          契、商湯(成湯)、商鞅(商鞅、衛鞅)。

          遷徙分布

          商氏是一個古老的多民族姓氏群體,在當今百家姓中名列第二百四十四位,在臺灣省則名列第二百一十位,人口約三十九萬三千余,占全國人口總數的0.024%左右,望族出汝南郡。商姓在大陸和臺灣沒有列入百家姓前一百位。先秦時有孔子弟子商澤、商瞿見諸史冊,均為魯國人,加之商姓來源眾多,至戰國時,商姓已分布于今河南商丘、陜西商縣、山東曲阜等地。兩漢之際,商姓已輾轉播遷于今河南平輿、陜西西安以及豫魯交界的今河南濮陽一帶,后經發展,昌盛為當地之望族,上述三地古代分屬為汝南郡、京兆郡、濮陽郡。魏晉南北朝時期,商姓以上述三郡為中心,呈放射狀向周邊播遷,今甘肅、山西、河北以及南部省份的安徽、江蘇、湖北等地均有商姓人入居。隋唐之際,商姓之主流依舊繁衍于北方,但是其在南部省份的商姓也得到了發展。南宋偏安江南后,商姓在南部省份的分布區域進一步擴大,今江西、四川、湖南均有商姓入遷。明初,山西商姓作為洪洞大槐樹遷民姓氏之一,被分遷河南、河北、山東、陜西、甘肅等地。清康乾年間及其以后,山東、河南、河北等地之商姓有闖關東進入東北三省的,后擴展至內蒙古之東北區。此間華東、華南沿海之商姓有渡海赴臺者,歷民間至今,商姓分布之地愈廣。如今商姓分布主要集中于河北、山東、黑龍江、河南、北京、陜西、遼寧、江蘇,這八個大約占商姓總人口的74%,其次分布于湖北、安徽、浙江、重慶、天津等地。

          堂號

          商姓的主要堂號有:“追遠堂”、“衎烈堂”、“三元堂”、“兩賢堂”、“敬愛堂”、“好易堂”、“續志堂”等。

          家族名人

          商高:周代數學家,他寫了中國第一本數學著作《周髀算經》。
          商澤:春秋末年魯國人。字子秀,一作子季,孔子弟子,為七十二賢之一,以涉覽六籍為樂。
          商瞿:春秋末年魯國人。字子木,孔子弟子,比孔子小二十九。
          商鞅:戰國時期為秦奠定統一基礎的功臣,是人所共知的歷史人物。
          商挺:元初大臣。字孟卿(1209-1288),晚號左山老人。仁宗延佑初年,追封推誠協謀佐運功臣、太師、開府儀同三司、上柱國,魯國公,謚“文定”。能詩賦,兼工書法。著有《藏春集》6卷。
          商輅:字弘載,號素庵,明朝人。正統間鄉、會、殿試皆第一。景泰間官至兵部尚書。成化初進謹身殿大學士。著有《商文毅公文》。

          姓氏文化

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