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        1. 文氏

          分布地區

          燕門郡:戰國趙武靈王置郡,秦、西漢治所在善無(今山西右玉南)。相當于今山西河曲、五寨、寧武等縣以北、恒山以西、內蒙古黃旗海、岱海以南地區,東漢移治陰館(今山西代縣西北)。

          歷史來源

          「文」源出

          來源有五:

          1、出自于姬姓,是以謚號命名的姓氏。據《風俗通義》等有關資料所載,商朝末年,居住于渭河流域的周族逐漸強盛起來,商王文丁感到周的威脅,就找借口殺了周人(姬姓)的領袖季歷。季歷之子姬昌即位后,勵精圖治,深得國人擁戴,被商紂王封為西伯。因西伯聲望太高,紂王又找借口將西伯囚禁,后釋放。西伯歸周后,以賢臣姜尚為輔佐,先后吞并了虞、芮、黎(今山西長治西南)、崇(今河南嵩縣北)等國,并建豐邑(今陜西長安灃水以西)作為國都,形成了“三分天下”的局面,其實力超過商王朝。西伯在位50年,他死后,其子周武王繼承了他的遺志,完成了滅商大業,于公元前11世紀建立了周朝,建都于鎬(今陜西長安灃水以東),追謚西伯為周文王。文王的支庶子孫中有以他的謚號“文”為姓氏的,稱文氏。是為陜西文氏。

          2、出自周代衛國將軍文子之后。據《姓氏考略》等所載,西周初年建立的衛國(周分封的姬姓諸侯國,初建都于朝歌<今河南淇縣>,又遷都于楚丘<今河南滑縣>,后又遷都帝丘<今河南濮陽>,前209年,為秦所滅),至春秋時期的衛獻公時,有個將軍叫孫文子,是個很有聲望的人物,孫文子的子孫有以祖字為氏,稱文氏,是為河南文氏。

          3、出自姜姓,為炎帝后裔姜文叔之后。根據有關資料所載,西周初,周武王封炎帝裔孫太岳之苗裔文叔于許(在今河南許昌市),建立許國,為姜姓諸侯國。春秋時,許國受鄭楚所迫,經四次遷都,前576年遷葉(今河南葉縣西南),前553年遷城父(今安徽亳縣東南),前529年復遷葉,前524年遷白羽(今河南西峽)前506年遷至容城(今河南魯山縣東南),戰國初年為楚所滅(一說滅于魏),子孫四散。除有以原國名“許”為氏外,還有以許國開國君主文叔之字為氏,就是文姓

          4、出自(女為)姓,為(女為)滿之裔孫,是以謚號命名的姓氏。戰國時,齊國(今屬山東)有貴族田文,是齊威王孫子,號稱孟嘗君,門下有食客數千,是當時有名的政治家。后來齊國貴族田甲叛亂,孟嘗君逃到魏國(西周時分封的諸侯國,在今山西芮城北),在魏任相國,死后謚號文子。其后人也有以“文”為氏的,是為山西文氏。

          5、出自敬姓避諱改姓。五代后晉時,為避晉高祖石敬塘之名諱,“敬”姓改為“文”姓。如宋代文彥博文天祥,其祖先(在唐五代時)皆為敬姓。文姓分布早在春秋戰國時期,即有文氏族人播遷于江淮一帶。春秋末年,楚國人文種,在越國任大夫,輔佐越王勾踐,君臣刻苦圖強,終于滅亡吳國。西漢廬江舒縣(今安徽廬江西)人文翁,景帝末年任蜀都守,對當地文化發展有貢獻,其后代有一支在四川發展繁衍。西漢至三國時期,居住在河南的文氏,主要分布在開封、南陽、永城、固始等地。固始縣東南有文古城遺址,出土有漢代文物,傳為文姓族人世居之地。唐代以后,文氏在全國分布較為廣泛,并稱盛于山西和江南。據考證,文姓在中國最常見的漢族姓氏中居于第100位。近新加坡等國有文姓華僑。郡望堂號堂號:信國堂、正氣堂:宋代文天祥為左丞相,封信國侯,進屯潮陽,元將張弘范掩至,文天祥被俘,拘燕三年不屈,作《正氣歌就義》。   

          家族名人

          姓氏文化

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