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        1. 孔氏

          分布地區

          孔姓的郡望主要有魯郡、京兆郡、河南郡、會稽郡等。1.魯郡是在西漢初由原有的秦郡改置而來的,相當于今天的山東曲阜、滕縣泗水等地。三國魏及晉時改為郡漢朝初年,改右內式置京兆尹,因為其地屬畿輔,所以不稱郡。相當于今天陜西秦嶺以北、西安以東、渭河以南等地。三國魏時改稱京兆尹郡。2.河南郡是漢高祖改秦三川而設置的。大約在今天的河南省黃河以南洛水下游,賈魯河上游地區以及黃河以北的原陽縣。3.會稽郡,秦始皇二十五年置郡,相當于今天的江蘇省長江以南,浙江省仙霞嶺、牛頭山、天臺山以北和安徽水陽江流域以東及新安江、率水流域等地。

          歷史來源

          「孔」源出

          1.出自「子」姓,以王父為字氏,據《史記孔子世家》所載;孔子,宋微子之后。宋襄公弗父何,弗父何生宋父周,周生世子勝,勝生正考父,考父生孔父嘉。五世親盡,別為公族,姓孔氏。孔父嘉生木金父,木金父生睪夷,睪夷生防叔。防叔畏華氏之逼,奔魯。其叔為叔梁紇,生子孔丘。2.出自「姬」姓,據《姓考》所載,春秋時衛國有孔悝,以王父字為氏,其后有姬姓孔氏。3.出自「媯」姓,。春秋時陳國有孔寧,王父字為氏,其后有「媯」姓之孔氏。4.又據《左傳》所載,春秋時鄭穆公之后有孔張,其支孫以王父字為氏,為鄭國的姬姓孔氏。5.另據《姓考》等書的記載,衛國(今河南滑縣東)有出自古佶姓的孔氏。孔姓是當今中國姓氏排行第七十二位的大姓,人口較多,約占全國漢族人口的百分之零點二九。

          堂號

          有“闋里堂”和“至圣堂”。這兩個堂都是因孔子而命名的。孔子生于闋里,是歷史上的“大成至圣”。

          繁衍

          孔氏譜系完善,被尊為“天下第一家”、“儒家第一姓”,歷代孔家都有社會和經濟方面的殊遇。自古有“天下孔姓一家人”之稱。孔子后裔的不斷繁衍,家族最初分為“五位”,后又分為“二十派”,到明清兩代,增為60戶。嘉慶十年《六十戶戶頭戶舉點名清冊》列舉了60戶的名稱。乾隆十年(1745年)修《孔子世家譜》時,在譜人數約二萬人。

          家族名人

          孔子:(前551~前479)名丘,字仲尼,東方文化的代表之一,儒家思想的創始人,春秋魯人。生有圣德,學無常師,相傳曾問禮于老聃(老子道家思想的創始人),學樂于萇弘,學琴于師襄。初仕魯,為司寇,攝行相事,魯國大治。后周游列國十三年,不見用,年六十八,返魯,晚年致力整理古代經典。有弟子三千,身通六藝者七十二人,開平民教育先河,后世尊為至圣先師。亦稱為孔子。可惜他的思想由漢武帝開始,廣被中華帝國的統治者所利用,變成統治者用來約束人民思想的有效工具,大大影響了中華帝國的發展。

          孔融:(153~208)字文舉,東漢曲阜人,孔子二十世孫。有俊才,為建安七子之一,漢獻帝時為北海相,世稱孔北海;立學校,表儒術,后拜大中大夫,為曹操所殺。

          孔祥熙:(1880~1967)字庸之,山西太谷人。留學美國耶魯大學。歷任國民政府委員、財政部長(為當時中國的首富)、行政院長、中央銀行總裁等職。

          姓氏文化

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