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        1. 圣旨也是有防偽功能?古代圣旨不能偽造的原因有哪些?

            圣旨也是有防偽功能?古代圣旨不能偽造的原因有哪些?下面趣歷史小編就為大家帶來詳細介紹,接著往下看吧~

            在古代的時候皇帝是至高無上的存在,皇帝所說的每一句話都是如鐵令一般,從而演變出了圣旨,既然圣旨的用處那么大難道就不會有人偽造圣旨嗎?對此專家說了一句話:“不是你想偽造便能偽造的”。

          image.png

            圣旨,是皇帝下達給普通百姓亦或者是朝廷官員的命令,接旨之人必須無條件服從,否則就是藐視皇權,會被判處死罪。

            首先,圣旨其實并不像我們在影視作品中看到的那樣僅僅只有幾十厘米長,一個人就可以將其展開。事實上古時候的圣旨都比較長,一般都在兩米以上,最長的能達到五米的樣子,這樣的圣旨顯然是無法靠一個人就能夠展開宣讀的。

            既然圣旨如此長,那么想要仿制它就更不容易了,這要求仿制的人必須清楚地了解當朝圣旨的具體長度,并且有精確的工具進行度量。

            第一,圣旨的制作有著嚴格的限制,其軸柄質地按官員品級不同而有所區別,比如一品為玉軸,二品為黑犀牛角軸,三品為貼金軸,四品和五品為黑牛角軸。同時,制作圣旨的材料也十分講究,一般而言,都是用上好蠶絲制成的綾錦織品,圖案富麗堂皇,多數是祥云瑞鶴。

          image.png

            第二,圣旨也是有防偽功能的。看過一些古裝劇的人,可能會注意到一個細節,圣旨的兩端有翻飛的銀色巨龍作為防偽標志。這個圖騰并不是隨意的人都可以制作出來的,它們是由宮里技藝高強的的繡娘一針一線縫上去的。而且,宮中的繡坊經過了常年的運營,已經形成了自己獨特的體系,繡娘們的針腳十分講究,一般人模仿不了。

            第三,圣旨的顏色有很多,并不是人們所看見的那般只有黃色。而不同的顏色則代表了不同的意義,一般而言,圣旨的顏色越豐富,說明了領旨的官員登基越高。因此,如果一個人想要偽造圣旨的話,還要學習其中的學問,不然就很容易被人拆穿。

            第四,在中國古代的時候,假傳圣旨是大逆不道的事情,倘若一旦被人抓住,不僅偽造圣旨之人會死,他的九族就會受到株連。這樣的懲罰,大部分的人都是無法接受的,因此偽造圣旨這種事情,一般人是不會去做的。

          image.png

            第五,圣旨的上面還有一個小細節,這也能夠起到很好的防偽作用。所有的圣旨開頭的第一個字,都是寫在第一朵祥云上的,而這第一個字,幾乎大部分的人都認識,就是“天承運,皇帝詔曰”中的“奉”字。

            因此,模仿圣旨需要經過一番深入的考察,也需要拿到很多個圣旨進行比較才能夠知道這些區別。而圣旨和錢幣不同,一般人是見不到的,因此人們根本就沒有比較的機會。況且偽造圣旨的懲罰這么嚴重,誰會想去冒險呢?

          image.png

            最后,制作圣旨的原材料也不是普通人能夠弄到的,這種布料就跟今天的鈔票所用的紙一樣,是受到政府嚴格管控的。在古時候,造圣旨的布料是由專門的機構為皇室提供的,其他人根本沒有辦法得到。

            這么看來,想要仿制圣旨幾乎是不可能的了。因為不管是從原材料還是制作的工藝上,朝廷都對其嚴加控制,再加上嚴酷的法律使那些想要鋌而走險的人望而卻步。所以,仿造圣旨在古時候實際上是無法做到的。

          免責聲明:以上內容源自網絡,版權歸原作者所有,如有侵犯您的原創版權請告知,我們將盡快刪除相關內容。

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