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        1. 皇太極為什么廢除大金國號改為大清呢 主要原因是什么呢

            嗨又和大家見面了,今天趣歷史小編帶來了一篇關于清朝國號的文章,希望你們喜歡。

            女真人一直居住在東北地區,后分為三部,其中一部最為強大,該部明代時稱為建州女真。明朝后期,內有黨爭傾軋不已,外有東南沿海的倭寇侵擾,北部有蒙元余部的侵擾搞,建州女真族在長白山西麓,松花江和遼河流域一帶統一強大起來。

          image.png

            1603年努爾哈赤遷都到赫圖阿拉。1616(年明萬歷四十四年,清天命元年),努爾哈赤在赫圖阿拉稱"覆育列國英明汗 ",1619年(明萬歷四十七年,清天命四年),努爾哈赤稱帝,國號"大金",成為后金大汗。為了與兩宋時期的“金”國區別,歷史上將努爾哈赤建立的“大金”稱為“后金”。

            努爾哈赤還給自己的家族新創了一個姓,叫“愛新覺羅”,女真語“愛新”是“金”,“覺羅”是“族”,連起來就是“金族”的意思。努爾哈赤用新的國號和姓來表明他是繼承歷史上的金國,以達到團結、組織整個女真族的目的。

            1626年,努爾哈赤在連續取得對明軍的勝利后,親率10萬八旗大軍向山海關撲來。沒想到在寧遠城下,努爾哈赤受到了明將袁崇煥的英勇抗擊,并被炮彈擊中,后金大軍急忙撤退。

            努爾哈赤征戰一生,這是他第一次吃敗仗,并且還在戰爭中負了傷,這讓他難以接受這個現實。同年八月,努爾哈赤傷勢惡化,死于返回沈陽的途中。

          image.png

            努爾哈赤死后,諸子爭奪汗位的繼承權。四大貝勒之一、努爾哈赤的第八子皇太極,實力最強,并最終奪得了汗位。

            皇太極即汗位后,在經濟上、政治上、軍事上進行了一系列的改革,其中,最具代表性的是他竟然廢去“大金”的國號,改稱“大清”,這主要是為什么呢?

            明崇禎九年(1636年),皇太極在他即汗位的第十年,在盛京(今沈陽)稱帝,并仿照明朝官制,建立了國家各級機構。

            皇太極為了避免刺激漢族人民對歷史上金朝侵宋的冤罪殺機回憶,從而引起對“后金”的民族仇恨,在他稱帝的這一年,他廢去“大金”的國號,改稱為“大清”。

          image.png

            同時,皇太極又把女真族的族名改為了“滿族”,國號與族名的改變,其實也是為了迎合漢文化中陰陽家的五行之說。

            因為,朱明王朝屬火,而他們的原國號“金”,犯了火克金的忌諱;而新的國號“清”與新的族名“滿族”都帶有水,恰好符合水克火、清滅明的吉祥之兆。

          免責聲明:以上內容源自網絡,版權歸原作者所有,如有侵犯您的原創版權請告知,我們將盡快刪除相關內容。

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