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        1. “奉天承運皇帝詔曰”究竟該怎么讀?電視劇里都讀錯了!
          趣歷史 2018-05-17 09:40:12

            大家在觀看古裝影視時,經常能看到太監在宣讀皇帝圣旨的鏡頭,都會在最開頭讀下面這個八個字,“奉天承運,皇帝詔曰”,這是一句大家都知道的口頭禪。圣旨是皇權的象征,其制作也非常地精良,多為上等蠶絲制成的綾錦織品。

            如果這八個字出現在明清之前的古裝影視中,那就是偽歷史,因為明朝之前圣旨開場白里根本沒有這個八個字。不僅如此,“圣旨”一詞的出現始于北宋。在北宋之前,皇帝的命令一般稱為“政”、“令”等。

            當然,每個朝代的開頭語都是不同,人們最為熟悉的是“奉天承運,皇帝詔曰”。比如封建社會的高峰朝代唐朝,由于皇帝的詔令一般由門下省負責審核頒發,因此開頭就有“門下,天下之本”。

          image.png

            種種資料顯示,“奉天承運,皇帝詔曰”源自朱元璋。朱元璋定都南京后,改名應天府,而皇宮里的最大宮殿名為“奉天殿”。三代赤貧出身的朱元璋,為顯示自己為真龍天子的合法性,于是自稱“奉天法祖”。自己這樣稱呼可不行,必須要獲得人們的認可,而認可的關鍵是要有理論基礎。朱元璋自然有辦法,他決定自己找到理論依據,為此撰寫一篇名為《御制記夢》的文章。

            朱元璋在這篇文章中繪聲繪色地描述自己夢游天宮的過程,他見到道教的三位至高神,即玉清元始天尊、上清靈寶天尊、太清道德天尊。從此之后,朱元璋便開始在圣旨前加上了“奉天承運,皇帝詔曰”這個八個字。

            清承明制,明清長達五百年的歷史中,皇帝圣旨的開頭語都是前面這八個字。不過,這八個字并不是影視作品里的讀法,正確的讀法應該是這樣的,“奉天承運皇帝,詔曰”。

            另外,古代皇帝圣旨金碧輝煌,圣旨兩端則有翻飛的銀色巨龍作為防偽標志,非常地精美。皇帝在下達文書命令及封贈有功官員或賜給爵位名號頒發的誥命或敕命,如果圣旨顏色越豐富,說明接受封贈的官員官銜越高,區別非常明顯。

          免責聲明:以上內容源自網絡,版權歸原作者所有,如有侵犯您的原創版權請告知,我們將盡快刪除相關內容。

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